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Climate Change & Environmental Governance


UN DSD ESA: United Nations Division for Sustainable Development; Department of Economic and Social Affairs: UN ESA DSD: Major Agreement & Conventions.

UNEP: United Nations Environment Programme: Nairobi-Kenya: UNEP IEG International Environmental Governance

UNCED: United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: AGENDA 21, EARTH SUMMIT 1992: UN Conference on Environment and Development 1992, Rio de Janeiro: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Division for Sustainable Development.

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992 > Text of the Convention > Clean Development Mechanism.

GEF: Global Environment Facility

WMO: World Meteorological Organization: working together in weather, climate and water: WMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations: WMO contribute to achieving the MDGs in collaboration with partners, in particular with respect to MDGs 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger)  and MDGs 7 (Ensure environmental sustainability): WMO, Geneva-Switzerland.

WCRP: World Climate Research Programme: Water, Energy and Climate: WCRP c/o World Meteorological Organization: WCRP, Geneva-Switzerland.

IPCC-Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Secretariat: WMO & UNEP: c/o World Meteorological Organization: Geneva-Switzerland.

IEA: International Energy Agency: is an autonomous organisation, 28 member countries >> worldwide engagement for sustainable energy strategies.



Conférence des Nations Unies sur l´Environnement Humain, Stockholm 1972 ; Our Common Future, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development-WCED, published in 1987, Brundtland Report ; Conférence des Nations Unies sur l´Environnement et le Développement, Rio de Janeiro 1992 –Agenda 21; Convention-Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques CCNUCC, Rio 1992 ; UNFCCC/COP Conference of the Parties, Berlin 1995, The Berlin Mandate, Protocole de Kyoto À la Convention – Cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques, Kyoto 1997, Nations Unies 1998 ; Sommet Mondial sur le Développement Durable Johannesburg 2002 ; Kyoto Protocol, Accra Report 2008; The United Nations Climate Change Climate Summit in Copenhagen, December 2009 ; RIO + 20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development Rio de Janeiro-Brazil 2012.


ONU COP [Conference des Parties des Nations Unies est l’organe directeur/supreme des certaines conventions internationales]: 


CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTIONS (COP: Conference of the Parties; CMP/MOP-serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol-: Meeting of the Parties): COP 18 MOP8, 2012  ; COP 17 CMP/MOP7, 2011, Durban, South Africa  ; COP 16 CMP/MOP6 2010, Cancun, Mexico ;  COP 15 CMP/MOP5 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark  ;  COP 14 CMP/MOP4 2008, Poznan, Poland  ; COP 13 CMP/MOP3 2007, Bali, Indonesia  ; COP 12 CMP/MOP2 2006, Nairobi, Kenya  ;  COP 11  CMP/MOP1 2005, Montreal, Canada  ; COP 10 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina  ;   COOP 9 2003, Milan, Italy  ;  COP 8 2002, New Delhi, India  ;  COP 7 2001, Marrakech, Germany  ;  COP 6 2001, bis Bonn, Germany  ;  COP 6 2000, The Hague, Netherlands  ;  COP 5 1999, Bonn, Germany  ;  COP 4 1998, Buenos Aires, Argentina  ;  COP 3 1997, The Kyoto Protocole on Climate Change  ; COP 2 1996, Geneva, Switzerland  ; COP 1 1995, The Berlin Mandate.




Multilateral Environmental Agreements: different sources: relations WTO and MEA rules, the DOHA mandate on MEA’s >>>> UNEP, negotiating and Implementing MEA’s, A Manual for NGO’s > UNEP, Division of Environmental Law & conventions MEA’s  >> IISD Linkages: MEA Bulletin


UN Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, New York, 9 May 1992 > Status of Ratification of the Convention > Text of the Convention > Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Kyoto 11 December 1997 > Amendment to Annex B of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Nairobi, 17 November 2006 >>> UN TREATY COLLECTION > League of Nations Treaty Series > UNTS, United Nations Treaty Series Online Collection > UN International Law

UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: 1993 – 2011 > COP, Conference of the Parties; CRIC; COP/CST; CST; INCD

Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les Changements Climatiques: UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE: UNFCCC OR FCCC is an international treaty produced at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development-UNCED; informally know as the Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992.

Convention des Nations Unies sur la Lutte contre la Desertification-CLD

Convention on Biological Diversity

COP Convention on Tobacco Control

COP Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Crime and the Protocol Thereto

COP Meeting of the Conference of the Contracting Parties: Ramsar convention

Basel Convention, Controlling Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

The Vienna Convention for the protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocole; UNEP, Ozone Secretariat for the Vienna Convention and for the Montreal Protocol

COP Stockholm Convention protecting human health and the environment from persistent organic pollutants

COP Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for certain Hazardous Chemical and Pesticides in international trade


CONVENTION & DECADE UNDB CBD-United Nations on Biodiversity, CBD-Convention on Biological Diversity.

The CBD was signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 1992 and entered into force in 2993: CBD Secretariat, Montreal-Canada: CBD Convention on Biological Diversity > THE CONVENTION ; CARTAGENA PROTOCOL on Biosafety > NAGOYA PROTOCOL on Access and Benefit-sharing.

United Nations Decade on Biodiversity, 2011 -2020: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity: Montreal-Canada



United Nations Decade for Desert and the Fight against Desertification: Partners, UNCCD, UN, UNDP, UNEP, IFAD: Inter-Agency Task Force on UNDDD, UNDDD Secretariat, Bonn-Germany.



GLOBAL GOVERNANCE PROJECT-GLOGOV.org: is a joint research programme of thirteen European research institutions : the Global Governance Project is endorsed by the Earth System Governance core project of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change-IHDP.

The Participating Institutions in the Global Governance Project: Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam  ; Free University Berlin  ;  Fridtjof Nansen Institute  ;  University of Bremen  ; Sciences Po Bordeaux  ; German Development Institute  ; IHEID Geneva  ; LSE  ; Lund University  ; Oldenburg University  ;  Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research  ; Vrije Universiteit Brussel  ; Wageningen University.


The Earth System Governance Project is a core project of IHDP: the Earth System Governance Project is a social science research network in the areas of governance and global environmental change.

ESSP: Earth System Science Partnership of four international global environmental change research programmes [ESSP: DIVERSITAS + IGBP + WCRP + IHDP]: the ESSP was launched at the Amsterdam conference in 2001: ESSP Office, c/o DIVERSITAS, Paris-France.

DIVERSITAS: Diversity (Latin word): DIVERSITAS, international Secretariat, c/o Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris-France: DIVERSITAS Phase I: 1991-2000: was established in 1991 by three international organisations, the UNESCO, the SCOPE-Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (secretariat: c/o UNESCO), IUBS-International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS Secretariat, Université Paris Sud XI, Paris-France): the goal of initiative was to developed an international non-governmental umbrella programme for research projects ; DIVERSITAS Phase II: 2001-2010: An International framework for biodiversity science ; DIVERSITAS Phase III: 2011-2020: Biodiversity and ecosystem services sciences for a sustainable planet > DIVERSITAS partners.

IGBP: International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme: IGBP is sponsored by the International Council for Science-ISCU; IGBP is part of the Earth System Science Partnership-ESSP.

WCRP: World Climate Research Programme: WCRP/World Meteorological Organization-WMO, Geneva–Switzerland: the WCRP is sponsored by the World meteorological Organization, the International Council for Science-ICSU and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO-IOC.

IHDP: is a joint programme of the International Council for Science-ICSU, the International Social Science Council-ISSC and the United Nations University: the IHDP Secretariat is hosted and administered by UNU at the United Nations Campus in Bonn: IHDP Secretariat, Bonn-Germany.

ICSU: International Council for Science: is a non-governmental organisation with a global membership of national scientific bodies, 121 members representing 141 countries and Scientific Union’s 30 members: ICSU Global Secretariat, Paris – France: Regional Offices: Africa ;  Asia and the Pacific  >  Latin America and the Caribbean

ISSC: International Social Science Council: ISSC/CISS UNESCO: Paris-France: ISSC Programs, World Social Science Forum & World Social Science Report.

UNU: United Nations University: the Academic Arm of the United Nations: UNU Headquarters, Tokyo-Japan > UNU Institutes.

Global Land Project: ESSP, DIVERSITAS, IGBP, IHDP and WCRP: Global Land Project is funded and hosted by the University of Copenhagen; GLP is a joint research agenda of IGBP and IHDP.

CCAFS-CGIAR: Challenge Program “Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security” [10-year research initiative] is a major collaborative endeavor between the Consultative Group on International Agriculture Research-CGIAR and their partners and the Earth System Science Partnership-ESSP.

Planet under Pressure, International Conference focusing on solutions to the global sustainability challenge, London March 2012: organized by the four Global Change Research programmes: DIVERSITAS + IGBP + WCRP + IHDP.


Gateway to Environmental Law: is information on environmental law, operated jointly by FAO, IUCN and UNEP


Center for International Earth Science Information network: Earth Institute, Columbia University