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Extractive Industries, Rights & Natural Resources Governance

EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES & RIGHTS GOVERNANCE

UN GC: United Nations Global Compact: UN GC: United Nations Global Compact: 10 principles in the areas of Human Rights (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights) > Labour (The International Labour Organization’s Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work) > the Environment (the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development) and anti-Corruption (United Nations Convention against Corruption) >>> HUMAN RIGHTS, Principle 1: Business should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights and, Principle 2: make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuse ; LABOUR, Principle 3: Business should uphold the freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right collective bargaining, Principle 4, the elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour, Principle 5, the effective abolition of child labour, and, Principle 6, the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation ; ENVIRONMENT, Principle 7, Business should support a precautionary approach to environmental challenges, Principle 8, undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility, and, Principle 9, encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly technologies ; ANTI-CORRUPTION, Principle 10, Business should work against corruption in all its forms, including extortion and bribery > UN Resolution on Global Compact: Towards Global Partnership, General Assembly Sixty-sixth session, September 2011 ; Towards Global Partnership, General Assembly Sixty-fourth session, 66th plenary meeting 21 December 2009.

EITI the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, Oslo: the EITI was launched by the UK Prime Minister Tony Blair in 2002 at the World Summit for Sustainable Development in Johannesburg > the EITI Principles and Criteria > EITI rules >  EITI Compliant & EITI Validation > the EITI Standard: Companies publish what they pay and Governments publish what they receive in an EITI Report [Companies disclose payments, EITI Report where the tax and royalty payment are independently verified and reconciled, Governments disclose receipt of payments] >> EITI Governance.

UN Extractive Industry: UN Resolution on the EITI: 62 session of the UN General Assembly has adopted a resolution on the subject of Strengthening Transparency in Industries, UN A/RES/62/274: 121st plenary meeting 11 September 2008.

ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, adopted in 1998 ; ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles Concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy–MNE Declaration, 204th Session, Geneva, November 1977, as amended at its 279th (November 2000) and 295th Session (March 2006) –ILO 4th Edition January 2006 > ILO: Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy.

OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, 21 June 1976 , OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises ; Review of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, Framework for the Review: 21 May 1999 ; Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises: 27 June 2000, OECD: OECD Declaration and Decision on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises: Basic Texts, OECD’s annual Council meeting at Ministerial level in Paris on 27 June 2000 ; OECD Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises, 25 May 2011 Adhering Governments > OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, 2011 Edition.

The UN Global Compact-UNGC and the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises: complementarities and Distinctive Contributions: 26 April 2005 > OECD Guidelines for Multinational Entreprises 2008.

UNHCHR-Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva-Switzerland, New York-United States of America: Norms on the responsibilities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises with regard to human rights: Adopted at its 22nd meeting on 13 August 2003: Commission on Human Rights: Sub-commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, Fifty-fifth session, United Nations, Economic and Social Council: 26 August 2003 >> UNHCHR: Working Group on the Issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other business enterprises: Human Rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises, 2011

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre: UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on business and human rights

The Commission on Transnational Corporation and the United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations-UNCTC were created in 1974, the UNCTC was abolished in 1993 and was merged with the UNCTAD: UNCTAD-United Nations Conference on Trade and Development & UNCTC-United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations: The question of a Reference to International Law in the United Nations Code of Conduct on Transnational Corporations (by Patrick Robinson), united Nations, New York 1986 ; Transnational Corporations: Issues Involved in the Formulation of a Code of Conduct: United Nations, New York 1976: UN Intellectual History Project Series, The UN and Transnational Corporations, From Code of Conduct to Global Compact, 2008 (book: by Tagi Sagafi-Nejad in collaboration with John H. Dunning): Commission on Transnational Corporations, Group of Experts on International Standards of Accounting and Reporting, Geneva, 30 August – 10 September 1976, Towards International Standards of Accounting and Reporting for Transnational Corporations, Report of the Secretariat

Equator Principles-EPs: environmental & social risk management for project finance/credit risk management framework/financial industry benchmark: the EPs are adopted voluntarily by financial institutions: The Equator Principles Financial Institutions-EFIs: The Equator Principles, June 2006: IFC-International Finance Corporation & World Bank: the Equator Principles were launched in Washington DC on 4 June 2003: The Equator Principles Association is the unincorporated association/voluntary association of Equator Principles Financial Institutions-EPFI and Associates: the Association was formed on the 1 July 2010 and resides with the Administrator of the EP Secretariat in the United Kingdom

Santiago Principles: Sovereign Wealth Funds-SWFs: 24 voluntary guidelines: International Working Group of Sovereign Wealth Funds/International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds: sovereign Wealth Funds, Generally Accepted Principles and Practices, SANTIAGO PRINCIPLES October 2008

UN BUSINESS: partnership for a better world > UN Business: Implementing the UN global Compact A Booklet for Inspiration, 2005, DANIDA-Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark and UNDP-Nordic Office

UNDP & Europe and Commonwealth of Independent States: Global Compact: Facilitating high-impact Global Compact networks, a practical guide

Kimberly Process: is a joint governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds: the Kimberly Process Certification Scheme-KPCS: 49 members representing 75 countries, with the European Community and its Member States counting as an individual participant: Secretariat du PK, Kinshasa-Gombe-République Démocratique du Congo > Kimberly Process Rough Diamond Statistics. 

Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights-VPs was established in 2000 by the British Foreign & Commonwealth Office and the U.S. Department of State: Governments & Companies and NGOs >  United States, United Kingdom, the Netherlands and Norway, Canada, Colombia, Switzerland & companies in the extractive and energy sectors & Non-governmental Organizations-NGOs: Voluntary Principles Secretariat established in 2004; in 2010, Foley Hoag´s Corporate Social Responsibility Practice was selected the new Secretariat for the Voluntary Principles; previously BSR-Business for Social Responsibility ant the IBLF-International Business Leaders Forum jointly served as Secretariat. 

UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change:

UNCED-United Nations Conference on Environment and Development:

 

GLOBAL EXTRATIVE INDUSTRY

GOXI, sharing on governance of extractive industries: World Bank and partners initiative > EI-Extractive Industry Source Book.  

ICMM Sustainable development Framework: ICMM: International Council on Mining & Metals, was established in 2001: the organization emerged out of a multi-stakeholder research initiative MMSD-the Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development: 21 mining and metals companies, 31 national and regional mining associations and global community associations: Voluntary principles on Security and Human Rights: Implementation Guidance Tools: ICMM, London-United Kingdom > Mining Partnership for Development Toolkit

WBCSD-World Business Council for Sustainable Development: Global Water Tool for oil and gas: IPIECA, The global oil and gas industry association for environmental and social issues, Global Water Tool for oil and gas WBCSD  

IBLF-International Business Leaders Forum: Business Leaders Forum, is an independent, not-for-profit global organisation: IBLF is supported by a network of over 60 multinational companies from Europe, America, Asia and the Middle East: building partnerships between government, business et civil society: IBLF Headquarters, London-United Kingdom > IBLF International, the Partnering Initiative > the Partnership Forum > the Partnership Brokering Project: >>> IBLF NETWORK > UK:  China CBLF-China Business Leaders Forum > Russia: International Business Leaders Forum  > India> Hong Kong:

Global Dialogue on Mining Metals and Sustainable Development: The Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Minerals, Metals and Sustainable Development: the Forum is a voluntary partnership-43 countries: World Map of the Forum Members: the Mining Policy Framework: Global Dialogue on Mining / Metals and Sustainable Development: UNCSD-United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development: Paragraph 46-World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002 Johannesburg: Intergovernmental Forum, NRCAN-natural Resources Canada.

CHARTER: Natural Resource Charter-NRC: is global initiative of an independent group/Technical Advisory Group chaired by Nobel Laureate in Economics Michael Spence & 30 leading experts in sustainable resource extraction, including Paul Collier, director of the Centre for the Study of African Economies at Oxford University; Karin Lissakers, director of Revenue Watch Institute; Tony Venables, Director of OxCarre at Oxford University: the Charter is a set of principles for governments and societies: natural resources for development: the Charter is governed by an Oversight Board chaired by Ernesto Zedillo, former President of Mexico: The twelve precepts > 1, Maximizing benefits to citizens ; 2, Openness and Accountability ; 3, Fiscal Regimes ; 4, Competition ; 5, Environment and Society ; 6, Nationally owned Resource Companies ; 7, Promoting growth ; 8, Smoothing spending ; 9, Effective spending ; 10, Building private investment ; 11, Role of International community ; 12, Role of companies > OxCarre: Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource Rich Economies, Department of Economics, University of Oxford > Managing Resources Revenues > CHARTER, Natural Resource Charter. 

Commission on the Private Sector & Development: The Commission Report: Unleashing Entrepreneurship: Making Business work for the Poor, March 1, 2004, presented to UN Secretary-General by the Prime Minister Paul Martin of Canada and Ernesto Zedillo Director of the Yale Center for the Study of Globalization and former President of Mexico; UNDP.

Center for international Policy: Global Financial Integrity > Global Campaign: Financial Accountability & Corporate Transparency-FACT Coalition: a Campaign to Achieve Greater Financial Accountability and Transparency within Financial Institutions Corporations and Government: Financial Task Force: The Task Force on Financial Integrity and Economic Development is a global coalition of civil society organizations and more than 50 governments, the Task Force was launched by Global Financial Integrity in January 2009. 

GRI: Global Reporting Initiative

Global Witness: established in 1993 by the three friends/founding directors working from their front rooms: the Global Witness Trust ltd, is a charitable company based in London and Washington DC: the global Witness Foundation is an independent non-profit

Publish What You Pay International

Revenue Watch Institute

EITI GLOBAL CONFERENCE [five EITI Global Conferences]

EITI five Global Conference: EITI Paris Conference: 2-3 March 2011 > the 2nd EITI Member’s Meeting was held in Paris on 1 March 2011:

EITI fourth Global Conference: EITI Doha Conference: 16-18 February 2009

EITI third Global Conference: EITI Oslo Conference: 16-17 October 2006:  

EITI 2005: EITI London Conference, March 2005

EITI 2003: EITI Lancaster House Conference, June 2003

EITI NETWORK

LEITI: Liberia Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

NEITI: Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

SLEITI: Sierra Leone Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative: Steering Committee

GHEITI: Ghana Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

TI: Transparency International: the global coalition against corruption: 

HIGH LEVEL MEETING

First South-south High-Level Meeting hosted by the State of Qatar, 2007:

Second High-Level meeting on Oil and Gas Management, Nairobi, 12-15 October 2009

SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUNDS-SWF

SWFI-Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute, Inc is a private corporation headquartered in Las Vegas, the United States of America: research and consulting services to corporations, funds and governments & facilitates sovereign fund events around the world & Sovereign Wealth Quarterly: SWF, Forum for Sovereign Wealth Funds is a service of the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute: SWF Summit is a division of the Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute; SWFIINC-Sovereign Wealth Fund Institute, Inc, Las Vegas NV-United States of America; Corporate site > Sovereign Wealth Fund Transaction Database-SWFTD

SWF FORUM & SUMMIT

Institute Fund Summit 2012 April 15-17, Dana Point CA-United States of America

Sovereign Wealth Fund Summit 2011 April 03-05, Dana Point CA-United States of America:

Sovereign Wealth Fund Forum Europe 2011 October 23-25, Monfreaux-Switzerland

SWF: Ghana Petroleum Funds > Timor-Leste Petroleum Fund

IFSWF INTERNATIONAL FORUM OF SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUNDS

IFSWF was established by the IWG-International Working Group of Sovereign Wealth Funds in Kuwait City on April 5-6, 2009: Kuwait Declaration: IFSWF is a voluntary group of Sovereign Wealth Funds-SWFs: IWF: International Working Group of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Santiago Principles, 2008. 

IFSWF, Second Meeting, Sydney-Australia

IFSWF, 3rd Meeting of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Sovereign Wealth Funds News: the largest Sovereign Wealth Funds

OECD Guidance on Sovereign Wealth Funds: FDI: World Foreign Direct Investment: FDI: foreign direct investments in extractive industries: UNCTAD, Division on Investment and Enterprise-DIAE: World Investment Report, World Investment Forum: Research on FDI and TNCs-Transnational Corporations: UNCTAD the G20 and Investment. 

World Bank: Extractive Industries for Development: OGMC-Oil, Gas, Mining Unit: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative EITI++, launched in April 2008: WB & IFC: Extractive Industries Technical Advisory Facility, EI-TAF. 

IFC-International Finance Corporation: Extractive Industries: Extractive Industries Review-EIR

CommDev: the Oil, Gas and Mining Sustainable Community Development Fund: World Bank & IFC: is a funding mechanism, promoting trilateral partnerships among communities, local governments and extractive industry companies: Standards > Certification Schemes; Codes, Standards and Guidelines; Initiatives; International Frameworks.  

UNCTAD: United Nations Conference on Trade and Development: World Investment Report, Transnational Corporation and the Infrastructure Challenge: United Nations, New York and Geneva, 2008.

CIEP: Clingendael International Energy Programme: launched by the Netherlands Institute for International Relations-CLINGENDAEL in 2001, supported by twelve institutions from the private sectors: CIEP, The Hague-The Netherlands. 

CEPMLP: Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee: established in 1977: CEPMLP, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland-United Kingdom > EI-Source Book: Extractive Industry Source Book: good-fit practice activities in the international oil, gas & mining industries.

POLINARES: Competition and collaboration in access to oil, gas and mineral resource: CEPMLP, c/o Research and Innovation Services, University of Dundee, Dundee.

ISO International Organization for Standardization/Organisation International de Normalisation: International Standards for Business, Government and Society/ les normes internationales pour les enterprises, les gouvernements et la société.

Business Fighting Corruption, a resource center for business: World Bank Institute > Fighting Corruption through Collective Action, A guide for business, 2008:WB, UN global Compact, CIPE-Center for International Private enterprise, Transparency International-the global coalition against corruption-, Global Advice Network, Grant Thornton, Siemens. 

EBRD-European Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Special Study Extractive Industry Review, July 2004: EBRD, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. 

MIRO: Mineral Industry Research Organisation: is a not-for-profit organisation, governed by a Council of senior industry executives: MIRO, Birmingham-United Kingdom. 

UNDP Cambodia > International Conference on Fuelling Poverty Reduction with Oil and Gas Revenues-Comparative Country Experiences, 26-28 March 2008: Phnom Penh-Kingdom of Cambodia.

WR: Wikborg Rein, Energy and Natural Resources: Norwegian law firm: Oslo-Norway / Singapore, Bergen, London, Kobe, Shanghai. 

Mining Association of Canada: TSM-Towards Sustainable Mining, Guiding Principles, December 204: TSM Guiding Principles: Mining Association of Canada, Ottawa-Canada. 

GLOBE Foundation, funded in 1993, the GLOBE foundation is a Vancouver-based not-for-profit with the mandate to carry forward and promote the business case for sustainable development: GLOBE 2012: Vancouver-Canada, March 14-16, 2012: 12th Biennial Conference & Trade Fair on Business and the Environment: > GLOBE 1990, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, 20010 and 2012: GLOBE EECO: EECO-Environment and Energy Conference, 2007. 

ETHICAL CORP- 3RD Annual CSR Extractives Conference, March 21-22, 2012, London

NWR-New World Resources, one of Central Europe’s leading hard coal and coke producers:  Foundation OKD-Ostrava-: NWR, Headquarters, Amsterdam-The Netherlands ; Corporate Office, London-United Kingdom. 

BiC-Bank Information Center: is an independent, non-profit, non-governmental that advocates for the protection of rights, participation, transparency and public accountability: BiC, Washington DC-USA: BiC New Delhi Office, BiC Bangkok Office: partners, multilateral development banks. 

IFI Transparency Resource, the global Transparency Resource

C-Resource: Critical Resource: the Politics of Resources Redefined™: Advisory firm specializing in stakeholder issues around natural resource investment: London-United Kingdom.    

CSAE-Centre for the Study of African Economies, Department of Economics, University of Oxford: CSAE research is funded by the World Bank, the ESRC, the DFID, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the British Academy: CSAE, Oxford-United Kingdom. 


World Gold Council: Non-profit association: gold mining companies, created in 1987: is the global voice of authority for gold: market development organisation for the gold industry: is governed by a Board of Directors: Head office, London-United Kingdom. 


OGEL-Oil, Gas & Energy Law: global energy Law & Regulation Portal: Transnational Dispute Management-TDM; Oil & Gas Observer: OGEL, Voorburg-The Netherlands.